If possible, pregnant women should avoid having any form of major dental work done, such as having their wisdom teeth removed, until have they have given birth. This is because there are a lot of risks associated with being pregnant and having dental surgery. Unless there is an emergency, it is highly recommended for women to wait until after their child has been born to have any type of dental surgery. However, in some cases, it may be possible for a woman to have wisdom teeth removal surgery or other forms of dental surgery while she is pregnant- if she follows a few guidelines.
The first thing that a pregnant woman can do to ensure that her dental surgery is as safe as possible is to notify her dentist that she is pregnant and to report to them how far along she is. This will ensure that the dentist can take the necessary precautions. The best time to have dental surgery performed is during the second trimester. During the first trimester, the fetus is busy developing major organs and it is too risky to perform any type of surgery that may affect this process. During the third trimester, the woman is usually quite large and may not be able to lie comfortably in a dentist’s chair for the amount of time it would take to complete the surgery.
It is also important for pregnant women to consider what forms of anesthetic to use for a procedure such as a wisdom tooth extraction surgery. Local anesthetics, such as Lidocaine or Novocain, will present less of a danger to the unborn child. Many wisdom teeth extraction procedures are gentle and can be carried out under a local anesthetic. Many of these anesthetics contain epinephrine as well. This causes the blood vessels around the surgical area to close, which is a very effective way to keep the local anesthetic away from the unborn child. Many wisdom tooth extraction surgeries require the use of antibiotics to prevent infection. Pregnant women should be prescribed penicillin or amoxicillin rather than tetracycline if an antibiotic is required.
Pregnant women should discuss the risks associated with wisdom tooth extraction or any other forms of dental surgery with their doctor before they decide whether or not to have the surgery done. In some cases, such as when the mother is in extreme pain or when the risk of infection is high, having dental surgery when pregnant may be an acceptable risk.